The physics of chance: from blaise pascal to niels bohr

Prijs: € 63,64
Verwachte levertijd: 3 werkdagen

Omschrijving

This is an introduction to the ideas of randomness that are central to much of modern physics and have overthrown the clock-work universe conceptions of earlier centuries. The author shows how the law...
Lees meer

Gerelateerde artikelen

Uitgebreide omschrijving

This is an introduction to the ideas of randomness that are central to much of modern physics and have overthrown the clock-work universe conceptions of earlier centuries. The author shows how the laws of probability and statistics were developed by such mathematicians as Fermat, Pascal, and Gauss, and how they received their first major application in physics in the kinetic theory of gases developed by Maxwell and Boltzmann. Here the use of statistics is necessary because the number of particles involved is too great for a deterministic calculation. But soon the mathematician and physicist Poincare demonstrated the unpredictability of certain systems containing only a small number of bodies, because of extreme sensitivity to initial conditions. He thus became a founder of chaos theory. Finally with the advent of quantum theory, physics seemed to be based on an essential randomness, whose reality was debated by Bohr and Einstein till the end of their lives. Only recently, in the experiments of Alain Aspect, has a convincing demonstration been given that the inescapable randomness of quantum theory is a fact of nature.
Uitgever Oxford University Press
Druk 0
ISBN/EAN 9780198539605
Auteur Ruhla, c.
Vakken Natuurkunde

Anderen bestelden ook: